Anatomy & physiology of the circulatory system (heart)

Anatomy & physiology of the circulatory system (heart)

[Osmosis sound logo] The circulatory system is also called the cardiovascular system, where cardio- refers to the heart and vascular refers to the blood vessels. So these are two key parts: the heart –which pumps blood– and the blood vessels –which carry blood to the body and return it back to the heart again. Ultimately, […]

Read More

Paget’s disease of bone

Paget’s disease of bone

On our Youtube channel, you’ll find a limited selection of pathology and patient videos. With Osmosis Prime, you’ll get access to over 700 videos including complete coverage of pathology and physiology and a growing collection of pharmacology and clinical reasoning topics. Try it free today. Paget’s disease of bone is a disorder in which there’s […]

Read More

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) – causes, symptoms, diagnosis & pathology

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) – causes, symptoms, diagnosis & pathology

Alright, “systemic lupus erythematosus,” k we totally got this. “Systemic” is easy, and refers to affecting multiple organs in the body. “Erythematosus” means reddening of the skin, alright alright. “Lupus” is latin for “wolf”. So affects multiple organs wolf…reddening of the skin? Not exactly, the modern use of lupus usually refers to a variety of […]

Read More

Anatomy and physiology of the female reproductive system

Anatomy and physiology of the female reproductive system

The female reproductive system includes all of internal and external organs that help with reproduction. The internal sex organs are the ovaries, which are the female gonads, the fallopian tubes, two muscular tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus, and the uterus, which is the strong muscular sack that a fetus can develop in. […]

Read More

Fats – biochemistry

Fats – biochemistry

Fats are an essential part of a healthy diet. They contribute to the taste and texture of foods, like the smoothness of guacamole and the flakiness of a croissant. Fats are also a major source of energy, a critical component of cells and tissues, and they also absorb essential vitamins, and can be converted into […]

Read More

Postpartum hemorrhage – causes, symptoms, treatment, pathology

Postpartum hemorrhage – causes, symptoms, treatment, pathology

Postpartum hemorrhage is a significant loss of blood after giving birth, and it’s the number one reason for maternal morbidity and maternal death around the world. Specifically it’s defined as losing more than 500ml of blood after a vaginal delivery or more than 1000ml after a cesarean section delivery. Of course, deliveries can be messy […]

Read More

Resting membrane potential – definition, examples

Resting membrane potential – definition, examples

Each cell in the human body is wrapped in a membrane that separates the inner environment and outer environment, and positively and negatively charged ions aren’t equally distributed on both sides of the membrane. Fundamentally, it’s these differences in concentration and charge as well as permeability across the membrane that establishes the cell’s resting membrane […]

Read More

Electrocardiography (ECG/EKG) – basics

Electrocardiography (ECG/EKG) – basics

An electrocardiogram – or ECG – or the dutch and german version of the word – EKG, is a tool used to visualize the electricity that flows through the heart. An ECG tracing specifically shows how the depolarization wave during each heartbeat – which is a wave of positive charge. And the way it looks […]

Read More

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) – causes, symptoms & treatment

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) – causes, symptoms & treatment

Say you’ve got a huge presentation in front of all your colleagues; you’re nervous, you’ve got quite a bit of stress leading up to the presentation. That stress is completely normal, and really—probably useful in certain situations since it can make you more alert and careful. After the presentation’s over you feel the stress start […]

Read More

Clinician’s Corner: Tips on empathetic listening for clinicians

Clinician’s Corner: Tips on empathetic listening for clinicians

all right how are you feeling today hey guys it’s doctor Ishida side here from osmosis and today we’re going to talk about empathetic listening something that’s made a huge difference in my own life as I’ve taken care of lots of patients and I want to tell you a few tips and tricks I […]

Read More