PBS NewsHour Weekend full episode February 23, 2020

PBS NewsHour Weekend full episode February 23, 2020


>>Sreenivasan: ON THIS EDITION FOR SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 23:>>AND NOW I’M DELIGHTED TO BRING YOU SOME PRETTY GOOD NEWS.>>Sreenivasan: SENATOR BERNIE SANDERS GAINS A FOOTHOLD AFTER THE NEVADA CAUCUSES.>>THIS HAS BEEN A GAME CHANGER.>>Sreenivasan: AND IN OUR SIGNATURE SEGMENT: A NEW CONCEPT IN CARING FOR PEOPLE WITH DEMENTIA. NEXT ON “PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND.”>>PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND IS MADEPOSSIBLE BY:BERNARD AND IRENE SCHWARTZ.SUE AND EDGAR WACHENHEIM III.THE CHERYL AND PHILIP MILSTEINFAMILY.ROSALIND P. WALTER.BARBARA HOPE ZUCKERBERG.CHARLES ROSENBLUM.WE TRY TO LIVE IN THE MOMENT,TO NOT MISS WHAT’S RIGHT INFRONT OF US.AT MUTUAL OF AMERICA, WEBELIEVE TAKING CARE OF TOMORROWCAN HELP YOU MAKE THE MOST OFTODAY.MUTUAL OF AMERICA FINANCIALGROUP, RETIREMENT SERVICES ANDINVESTMENTS.>>CONSUMER CELLULAR OFFERS NO CONTRACT WIRELESS PLANS THAT ARE DESIGNED TO HELP YOU DO MORE OF THE THINGS YOU ENJOY, WHETHER YOU’RE A TALKER, TEXTER, BROWSER, PHOTOGRAPHER OR A BIT OF EVERYTHING. OUR U.S.-BASED CUSTOMER SERVICE TEAM IS HERE TO FIND A PLAN THAT FITS YOU. TO LEARN MORE, GO TO www.consumercellular.tv.ADDITIONAL SUPPORT HAS BEENPROVIDED BY:AND BY THE CORPORATION FORPUBLIC BROADCASTING, A PRIVATECORPORATION FUNDED BY THEAMERICAN PEOPLE.AND BY CONTRIBUTIONS TO YOURPBS STATION FROM VIEWERS LIKEYOU.THANK YOU.FROM THE TISCH WNET STUDIOS ATLINCOLN CENTER IN NEW YORK,HARI SREENIVASAN.>>Sreenivasan: GOOD EVENING AND THANKS FOR JOINING US. VERMONT SENATOR BERNIE SANDERS CELEBRATED HIS WIN IN THE NEVADA DEMOCRATIC CAUCUSES TODAY. SANDERS CAPTURED 46% OF THE VOTE WITH MORE THAN 60% OF PRECINCTS REPORTING BY THIS AFTERNOON. AT A RALLY IN TEXAS LAST NIGHT, SANDERS GAVE CREDIT TO SUPPORT FROM A DIVERSE GROUP OF VOTERS.>>IN NEVADA, WE HAVE JUST PUT TOGETHER A MULTI-GENERATIONAL, MULTI-RACIAL COALITION, WHICH IS GOING TO NOT ONLY WIN IN NEVADA, IT’S GOING TO SWEEP THIS COUNTRY. (CHEERS AND APPLAUSE)>>Sreenivasan: PRESIDENT TRUMP CONGRATULATED SANDERS BEFORE LEAVING ON A TRIP TO INDIA THIS MORNING, AND SAID HE HOPED THE NOMINATION PROCESS WON’T BE A” RIGGED DEAL.”>>I THINK IT WAS A GREAT WIN FOR BERNIE SANDERS. WE’LL SEE HOW IT ALL TURNS OUT. THEY’VE GOT A LOT OF WINNING TO DO. I HOPE THEY TREAT HIM FAIRLY. FRANKLY, I DON’T CARE WHO I RUN AGAINST, I JUST HOPE THEY TREAT HIM FAIRLY.>>Sreenivasan: THE RACE NOW MOVES TO SOUTH CAROLINA WHERE THERE’S A DEBATE TUESDAY BEFORE SATURDAY’S PRIMARY. SECOND AND THIRD PLACE NEVADA FINISHERS, FORMER VICE PRESIDENT JOE BIDEN AND FORMER SOUTH BEND INDIANA MAYOR PETE BUTTIGIEG, ATTENDED SERVICES AT AFRICAN- AMERICAN CHURCHES IN CHARLESTON TODAY. LAST NIGHT BOTH TURNED THEIR ATTENTION TO FRONT-RUNNER SANDERS.>>I’M A DEMOCRAT FOR A SIMPLE REASON. (CHEERS AND APPLAUSE) I AIN’T A SOCIALIST. I AIN’T A PLUTOCRAT. I’M A DEMOCRAT.>>SENATOR SANDERS BELIEVES IN AN INFLEXIBLE IDEOLOGICAL REVOLUTION THAT LEAVES OUT MOST DEMOCRATS, NOT TO MENTION MOST AMERICANS. I BELIEVE WE CAN DEFEAT TRUMP AND DELIVER FOR THE AMERICAN PEOPLE BY EMPOWERING THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, TO MAKE THEIR OWN HEALTH CARE CHOICES WITH MEDICARE FOR ALL WHO WANT IT. (CHEERS AND APPLAUSE)>>Sreenivasan: FOR MORE ON THE RESULTS FROM THE CAUCUSES, MEGAN MESSERLY, A REPORTER FOR “THE NEVADA INDEPENDENT” JOINS US NOW FROM LAS VEGAS. FIRST LET’S TALK ABOUT ONE OF THE STORIES THAT YOU WERE PUBLISHING LATE LAST NIGHT, WHICH IS THAT MR. BUTTIGIEG’S CAMPAIGN HAD COMPLAINTS ABOUT IRREGULARITIES? WHAT WERE THEIR COMPLAINTS?>>RIGHT. SO PETE BUTTIGIEG’S CAMPAIGN SENT A LETTER TO THE NEVADA STATE DEMOCRATIC PARTY JUST BEFORE MIDNIGHT LAST NIGHT LETTING THEM KNOW THAT THEY DISCOVERED SOME IRREGULARITIES AND ERRORS IN THE RESULTS. THIS IS BASED OFF OF THE REPORTS THAT THEY RECEIVED FROM THEIR PRECINCT CAPTAINS. THEY SAID THAT THERE WERE A LOT OF ISSUES WITH THE TRANSFERAL OF EARLY VOTING DATA INTO THE CAUCUS STATE PROCESS. FOR INSTANCE, THEY SAID IN SOME INSTANCES THEY DIDN’T THINK THAT EARLY VOTES WERE GETTING COUNTED DURING THE REALIGNMENT. THERE WAS AT LEAST ONE INSTANCE WHERE THEY SAY THE WRONG PRECINCT DATA– EARLY VOTE DATA WAS USED ON CAUCUS DAY. SO THEY ARE ASKING THE PARTY RIGHT NOW TO RELEASE THE SEPARATION BETWEEN THE IN-PERSON AND THE THE EARLY VOTE TOTALS SO THEY CAN GO THROUGH AND SEE HOW THE FOLKS DID INDIVIDUALLY BETWEEN THOSE TWO GROUPS, BUT THE PARTY TELLS ME THAT THEY ARE GOING TO CONTINUE REPORTING THE WAY THEY HAVE BEEN REPORTING AND THEY DON’T HAVE ANY PLANS TO CHANGE THE REPORTING PROCESS AT THIS TIME.>>Sreenivasan: AND AT THE TIME THEY WERE FILING THIS, THE RESULTS WERE QUITE NARROW, OR THE MARGIN WAS QUITE NARROW BETWEEN HIM AND MR. BIDEN– OR VICE PRESIDENT BIDEN– FOR THE SECOND PLACE SLOT.>>THAT IS CORRECT, AND THEY EVEN, YOU KNOW, NOTED THAT IN THEIR LETTER. THEY, IN FACT, ASKED THE PARTY TO ADDRESS THESE IRREGULARITIES AND CORRECT THESE ERRORS THAT THEY HAVE IDENTIFIED BEFORE RELEASING THE FINAL RESULTS AND THEY NOTED THAT IS BECAUSE IT APPEARS TO BE A CLOSE RACE BETWEEN JOE BIDEN AND PETE BUTTIGIEG. OBVIOUSLY BIG STAKES HERE FOR PETE BUTTIGIEG, HE HAS BEEN TRYING TO PROVE THAT HE IS ABLE TO APPEAL TO NEVADA’S BROAD DIVERSE CONSTITUENCY, SO A VICTORY, EVEN A SECOND PLACE VICTORY IS IMPORTANT FOR HIM HERE. SO, THAT’S WHY, SORT OF, THE IMMEDIACY OF SENDING THIS LETTER LATE LAST NIGHT TO THE STATE PARTY.>>Sreenivasan: SO, ARE PEOPLE CONSIDERING, AND THIS IS PERHAPS A QUESTION MORE FOR THE PARTY, ARE PEOPLE CONSIDERING WHAT IS HAPPENING IN IOWA, CONSIDERING A LITTLE BIT OF THE CONFUSION THAT HAPPENED IN NEVADA, ARE THE PEOPLE THAT YOU SPOKE TO, ARE THEY STILL SUPPORTIVE OF THE IDEA OF CAUCUSES, TO DO THIS THE WAY THEY ARE DOING IT, VERSUS JUST HAVING A PRIMARY?>>RIGHT, THAT WAS ONE OF THE QUESTIONS THAT I ASKED A LOT OF PEOPLE YESTERDAY, BECAUSE THERE WAS A LOT OF ELATION, A LOT OF SMILES, EVERYONE WAS SO HAPPY AT HOW WELL THIS iPAD HAD WORKED. THEY TOLD ME THEY WERE EXCITED ABOUT THE DELIBERATIVE CAUCUS PROCESS, AND SO MY QUESTION THEN WAS, WELL, SHOULD WE KEEP HAVING A CAUCUS? AND EVERYONE I SPOKE TO TOLD ME NO, THAT WE SHOULD DEFINITELY SWITCH TO A PRIMARY. THEY WERE HAPPY THAT THE CAUCUS WENT WELL YESTERDAY, BUT IT DID NOT GO WELL ENOUGH TO CHANGE THEIR MINDS ABOUT THE FACT THAT WE SHOULD HAVE A PRIMARY. A LOT OF PEOPLE TOLD ME THEY JUST FELT LIKE IT WOULD BE EASIER TO HAVE A GOVERNMENT RUN PRIMARY WITH TRADITIONAL VOTING MACHINES, VOTING BOOTHS, IT JUST WOULD BE EASIER TO ENSURE THE INTEGRITY OF THE RESULTS.>>Sreenivasan: WE HAVE HEARD A LOT ABOUT DIFFERENT CONSTITUENCIES THAT TURNED OUT FOR BERNIE SANDERS. WHAT DID YOU NOTICE WHEN IT CAME TO THE YOUNGER PEOPLE THAT WERE VOTING?>>OBVIOUSLY, WE HAVE SEEN A LOT OF SUPPORT FROM YOUNG FOLKS FOR BERNIE SANDERS. I THINK THE NOTABLE THING FOR US, FOR ME AND MY COLLEAGUES WHO WERE FANNING OUT AT VOTING SITES AND AT EVENTS ALL ACROSS THE STATE, WAS HOW YOUNG PEOPLE SUPPORT FOR BERNIE SANDERS TRANSLATED TO THEIR FAMILY MEMBERS. WE HAVE HEARD A LOT ABOUT TIO BERNIE, A LOT OF YOUNG LATINO VOTERS SUPPORTING BERNIE SANDERS WERE ABLE TO SORT OF BRING ALONG THEIR PARENTS AND THEIR GRANDPARENTS AND WE ACTUALLY SAW QUITE A FEW OLDER FOLKS SUPPORTING BERNIE SANDERS AS WELL, WHICH WE WEREN’T EXACTLY EXPECTING, BUT I THINK WHAT BERNIE SANDERS WAS HOPING FOR YESTERDAY WAS TO PROVE THAT HE COULD BUILD THIS MULTIGENERATIONAL, YOU KNOW, DIVERSE COALITION, AND THE ENTRANCE POLLS WE HAVE SEEN SEEM TO SUGGEST HE WAS ABLE TO DO THAT.>>Sreenivasan: ALL RIGHT. MEGAN MESSERLY FROM “THE NEVADA INDEPENDENT,” THANKS SO MUCH.>>THANK YOU.>>Sreenivasan: FOR THE LATEST ON THE 2020 PRESIDENTIAL RACE, TUESDAY’S DEMOCRATIC DEBATE AND THE LEAD-UP TO THE SOUTH CAROLINA PRIMARY, VISIT pbs.org/newshour.>>Sreenivasan: IN CHINA TODAY, PRESIDENT XI JINPING CALLED THE CORONAVIRUS THE BIGGEST PUBLIC HEALTH THREAT THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA HAS FACED SINCE ITS FOUNDING IN 1949. SPEAKING AT A COMMUNIST PARTY MEETING, XI ACKNOWLEDGED “OBVIOUS SHORTCOMINGS IN THE RESPONSE TO THE EPIDEMIC” AND WARNED THAT THE FIGHT IS AT A CRUCIAL STAGE. THE VIRUS KILLED A 29-YEAR-OLD DOCTOR IN THE CITY OF WUHAN TODAY, THE THIRD DOCTOR TO DIE OF THE DISEASE IN THE PAST WEEK IN CHINA. ALSO TODAY, SOUTH KOREA MOVED TO THE HIGHEST POSSIBLE ALERT, ALLOWING GOVERNMENT AUTHORITIES TO LOCK DOWN CITIES AND TAKE OTHER SWEEPING MEASURES. SIX PEOPLE HAVE DIED IN SOUTH KOREA FROM THE CORONAVIRUS AND THERE HAVE BEEN MORE THAN 600 CONFIRMED CASES. IN ITALY, OFFICIALS ANNOUNCED A THIRD DEATH AND 89 NEW CASES OF THE VIRUS, BRINGING THAT COUNTRY’S TOTAL TO MORE THAN 150. THAT IS THE MOST OUTSIDE OF ASIA. PAKISTAN AND TURKEY HAVE TEMPORARILY CLOSED THEIR BORDERS WITH IRAN, WHERE THE VIRUS HAS KILLED AT LEAST EIGHT PEOPLE AND INFECTED 43 OTHERS. ALSO IN IRAN AND NEIGHBORING TURKEY, A 5.7 MAGNITUDE EARTHQUAKE KILLED NINE PEOPLE AND DAMAGED MORE THAN 1,000 BUILDINGS. OFFICIALS SAID THAT THE EARLY MORNING QUAKE AFFECTED 43 SMALL VILLAGES IN A MOUNTAINOUS AREA NEAR IRAN’S BORDER WITH TURKEY. EARTHQUAKES ARE NOT UNCOMMON IN THE REGION. LAST MONTH A POWERFUL EARTHQUAKE IN EASTERN TURKEY KILLED MORE THAN 40 PEOPLE. B. SMITH– THE MODEL, AUTHOR, AND RESTAURANT OWNER DIED YESTERDAY. SMITH– WHO SHORTENED HER NAME FROM BARBARA TO THE INITIAL “B” WAS ONE OF THE FIRST BLACK MODELS TO APPEAR ON THE FRONT OF “MADEMOISELLE MAGAZINE” IN 1976. HER PASSION FOR FOOD AND ENTERTAINING LED HER TO OPEN POPULAR RESTAURANTS IN NEW YORK IN THE 80’s AND 90’s AND TO WRITE SEVERAL SUCCESSFUL BOOKS. B. SMITH CLOSED HER RESTAURANTS AFTER BEING DIAGNOSED WITH ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE IN 2013. HER FAMILY SAID SHE DIED AT HER EAST HAMPTON NEW YORK HOME. SMITH WAS 70 YEARS OLD.>>Sreenivasan: THERE ARE 5.8-MILLION AMERICANS LIVING WITH DEMENTIA– AN UMBRELLA TERM THAT INCLUDES THE MOST COMMON TYPE: ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE. MOST ARE OVER THE AGE OF 65, BUT APPROXIMATELY 200,000 PEOPLE HAVE AN EARLY ONSET FORM OF THE DISEASE– SOME EVEN IN THEIR 40’s. IN THOSE EARLY STAGES, IT’S USUALLY FAMILY MEMBERS WHO BECOME THE CAREGIVERS. AND IN SAN DIEGO, THERE’S A NEW KIND OF FACILITY SET UP SPECIFICALLY TO HELP. NEWSHOUR WEEKEND SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT KARLA MURTHY HAS OUR STORY. IT’S PART OF OUR NEW SERIES “RETHINKING LIFESPAN.”>>NOW THERE IS A GOOD QUESTION FOR YOU. DO YOU REMEMBER WHO THIS IS?>>NO. I DO, BUT I DON’T.>>THIS IS YOUR BROTHER.>>YES.>>Reporter: LOOKING THROUGH FAMILY PHOTOS, JACKI TAYLOR-DWYER MIGHT AS WELL BE SEEING THE FACES OF STRANGERS. SHE STILL RECOGNIZES HER DAUGHTER, KIMBERLY KING.>>WHAT’S HIS NAME?>>Reporter: BUT SHE STRUGGLES TO REMEMBER HER TWO SONS WHO SHE SEES LESS OFTEN.>>THAT ONE’S KEVIN.>>OH, I DIDN’T KNOW THAT.>>YES. THAT’S YOUR FIRST BORN.>>REALLY? I DIDN’T KNOW THAT.>>Reporter: 77-YEAR-OLD TAYLOR-DWYER HAS ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE, AN IRREVERSIBLE BRAIN DISORDER THAT SLOWLY DESTROYS MEMORY, THINKING SKILLS AND EVENTUALLY, THE ABILITY TO CARRY OUT THE MOST SIMPLE TASKS. HER MOTHER’S DIAGNOSIS WAS DEVASTATING FOR KING.>>MY MOM HAS ALWAYS BEEN VERY UPBEAT. AND I WILL SAY IT WAS KIND OF OBNOXIOUS BECAUSE WAKING UP ON A SCHOOL DAY WHEN WE WERE YOUNGER. SHE WOULD COME IN AND SHE’D SAY “GOOD MORNING, GOOD MORNING!” AND YOU’D BE LIKE, “I’M SO SLEEPY. PLEASE GET OUT OF MY FACE. YOU ARE TOO HYPER FOR ME RIGHT NOW.” BUT SHE WAS REALLY HAPPY-GO-LUCKY AND PLEASANT TO BE AROUND.>>Reporter: TAYLOR-DWYER WAS ONCE A RADIO AND TV HOST. SHE PERFORMED IN MUSICAL THEATER, WAS AN ACTIVE VOLUNTEER AND A MOTHER OF THREE. SHE LOVED TO TRAVEL. BUT ABOUT SIX YEARS AGO FRIENDS NOTICED SHE WAS HAVING TROUBLE FINDING WORDS, REMEMBERING NAMES. KIMBERLY KING, WHO HAS HER OWN FAMILY AND WORKS FULL TIME, NOW HAD TO FIND RESOURCES TO HELP SUPERVISE HER MOM. THAT INVOLVED EVERYTHING FROM HIRING COMPANIONS TO WATCH HER DURING THE DAY, TO KING HERSELF SPENDING THE NIGHT WITH HER, AND SHE HAS INSTALLED CAMERAS IN THE HOUSE TO CHECK IN REMOTELY.>>YOU KNOW, EVEN WHEN I LEAVE FOR THE DAY AND SOMEBODY ELSE IS COMING IN MY MOM DOESN’T WANT ME TO GO SO THAT’S A HEAVY BURDEN ON ME. BECAUSE MY MOM WILL FORGET. MY MOM WON’T REMEMBER THAT SHE WAS A LITTLE UPSET WITH ME WHEN I WAS LEAVING, BUT I WILL. I’LL REMEMBER THAT.>>WHERE ARE YOU GOING?>>I’LL BE RIGHT BACK. GO WITH BELLA.>>Reporter: THEN LAST YEAR A FRIEND TOLD KING ABOUT A NEW FACILITY NEARBY THAT HAS HELPED MAKE LIFE EASIER. IT’S CALLED TOWN SQUARE. IT’S AN ADULT DAYCARE CENTER THAT LOOKS MORE LIKE A VILLAGE SET UP SPECIFICALLY FOR PEOPLE WITH THE EARLY STAGES OF DEMENTIA.>>MY MOM HAS A PLACE TO GO. SHE’S ENTERTAINED. SHE HAS NO IDEA WHAT, WHAT IT REALLY, TRULY IS. WHICH IS, IT IS A DAYCARE CENTER BUT IT’S, YOU KNOW, IT’S DISGUISED AS DISNEYLAND.>>Reporter: THERE’S MORE THAN A DOZEN STORE FRONTS INCLUDING A DINER, A BARBER SHOP, AND A STORE WITH CLOTHES AND JEWELRY. 9,000 SQUARE FEET, ALL DESIGNED TO LOOK LIKE A SMALL 1950’S TOWN.>>Reporter: WHAT’S THE REACTION FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE FIRST COMING HERE, WHEN THEY FIRST WALK IN THE DOOR?>>I THINK WHAT WE’VE TYPICALLY SEEN IS IT JUST KIND OF TAKES THEM BACK A LITTLE BIT WHEN THEY WALK THROUGH THE DOOR. THEY’RE JUST NOT EXPECTING, I THINK, KIND OF, THE SCALE.>>Reporter: SCOTT TARDE IS THE C.E.O. OF THE GLENNER FAMILY CENTERS, A NON-PROFIT WHICH PROVIDES ADULT DAYCARE AND SUPPORT SERVICES TO FAMILIES AFFECTED BY ALZHEIMER’S IN CALIFORNIA. HE SAYS TOWN SQUARE IS GLENNER’S NEWEST DAYCARE CENTER AND IS THE FIRST OF ITS KIND IN THE NATION, A FULLY IMMERSIVE ENVIRONMENT BASED ON A RELATIVELY NEW APPROACH, REFERRED TO IN MEDICAL LITERATURE AS “REMINISCENCE THERAPY.”>>TELEPHONE BOOTH HERE.>>Reporter: DOES IT WORK?>>IT DOES. IT RINGS OUT TO THE FRONT DESK.>>Reporter: THE IDEA IS THAT EVEN THOUGH PEOPLE WITH DEMENTIA HAVE LOST THEIR SHORT TERM MEMORY THEY DO OFTEN REMEMBER THINGS FROM YEARS BACK, SO THEY WILL FEEL MORE AT EASE IN OLD-TIME SETTINGS LIKE THIS. SIGHTS AND SOUNDS FROM THEIR PAST.>>EVEN THINGS LIKE HAVING “I LOVE LUCY” ON THE TELEVISION.>>DO YOU NEED WATER?>>Reporter: ACCORDING TO TARDE, TOWN SQUARE, WHOSE STAFF INCLUDES A SPECIALLY TRAINED SOCIAL WORKER AND REGISTERED NURSE, OFFERS SERVICES THAT CAN BE USED AS A MODEL FOR CARE. IN FACT, HIS GROUP HAS SIGNED AN AGREEMENT WITH A FOR-PROFIT COMPANY TO FRANCHISE THE TOWN SQUARE MODEL ACROSS THE COUNTRY.>>WE GROUP OUR PARTICIPANTS IN SMALL GROUPS. WE CREATE THIS EXPERIENCE WHERE PARTICIPANTS ROTATE THROUGH THE STOREFRONTS AND THEY SPEND TIME IN PROBABLY FIVE OR SIX STOREFRONTS OUT OF THE 14 STOREFRONTS IN THE DAY. IT GIVES A VARIETY. THEY CAN COMBINE AND MIX BASED ON ACTIVITIES, INTERESTS, BASED ON COGNITIVE FUNCTIONING.>>Reporter: THEY ARE GREETING CARDS THAT YOU MADE?>>Reporter: TAYLOR-DWYER ESPECIALLY LIKES ARTS AND CRAFTS. SHE MAKES CARDS THAT ARE ON DISPLAY IN THE TOWN SQUARE DEPARTMENT STORE. AND ARE THEY FOR SALE?>>WELL, IT DEPENDS. YOU CAN GET THREE, FOUR, RIGHT IN THERE. THEN YOU CAN SEE THAT THROUGH. AND THEN YOU CAN ALSO DO THAT AND YOU CAN GO DOWN, LA, LA, LA AND COME BACK UP AGAIN.>>SHE’S DECLINING. THEY CALL IT THE LONG GOODBYE. THE BEST THING ABOUT THE GLENNER TOWN SQUARE IS THAT, YOU KNOW, THEY HAVE HER. AND IT’S SECURE AND I FEEL AT EASE.>>IT’S A SCARY DISEASE. IT’S A DISEASE THAT AT THIS POINT DOESN’T HAVE A CURE.>>Reporter: KATIE CROSKREY IS A DIRECTOR OF THE SAN DIEGO CHAPTER OF THE NONPROFIT ALZHEIMER’S ASSOCIATION. SHE SAYS THE COUNTRY NEEDS MORE PROGRAMS LIKE TOWN SQUARE, WHICH NOT ONLY HELP DEMENTIA PATIENTS BUT ALSO SUPPORT THEIR CAREGIVERS. BY THE YEAR 2050, SHE SAYS IT’S ESTIMATED THE NUMBER OF AMERICANS WITH DEMENTIA WILL MORE THAN DOUBLE TO 14 MILLION, PUTTING INCREASING STRESS ON THE HEALTHCARE SYSTEM AND THOSE WHO TAKE CARE OF THEM.>>CAREGIVING CAN BE A LONG JOURNEY. SOME PEOPLE CAN PROVIDE CARE FOR 10+ YEARS FOR SOMEBODY THAT’S LIVING WITH DEMENTIA. I THINK FOR FAMILY CAREGIVERS, THE HARDEST PART IS YOU’RE REMEMBERING YOUR FAMILY MEMBER AS THEY WERE. AND HERE’S A PERSON THAT’S CHANGING RIGHT BEFORE YOUR EYES. AND THAT CAN SOMETIMES BE EVEN HARDER FOR A FAMILY CAREGIVER AS OPPOSED TO SOMEONE WHO’S CARE GIVING THAT DIDN’T KNOW THAT PERSON BEFORE.>>HE’S JUST A DARN NICE GUY!>>Reporter: EVER SINCE 88-YEAR-OLD MARY PATTERSON WAS DIAGNOSED WITH ALZHEIMER’S FIVE YEARS AGO, HER DAUGHTER TANYA CARR HAS HELPED LOOK AFTER HER. BUT WORKING FULL-TIME, CARR ADMITS, MOST OF THE CAREGIVING BURDEN FELL ON HER 82-YEAR OLD FATHER AT HOME. WITHOUT TOWN SQUARE, SHE SAYS, THEIR LIVES WOULD BE A LOT MORE DIFFICULT.>>MY DAD PROBABLY WOULD HAVE HAD A HEART ATTACK BY NOW. I’M NOT KIDDING. BECAUSE AT LEAST HE CAN LOOK FORWARD TO DAYS WHERE HE HAS SOME TIME TO DO WHAT HE NEEDS TO DO. WE PROBABLY WOULD HAVE CALLED, HAD TO CALL SOMEBODY IN TO HELP AND IT WOULD HAVE BEEN A LOT MORE EXPENSIVE.>>HI MARY.>>HELLO>>Reporter: IN FACT, THE COST AT TOWN SQUARE, $95 FOR EIGHT-HOURS, IS LESS THAN THE AVERAGE COST OF IN-HOME CARE.>>ARE YOU TRYING TO GET AWAY FROM ME?>>Reporter: AND THE SETTING SEEMS TO APPEAL TO HER MOM WHO HAD APPEARED TO BE DEPRESSED BEFORE COMING TO TOWN SQUARE.>>EVEN WHEN SHE CAN’T REMEMBER WHAT SHE’S DONE DAY TO DAY SHE KNOWS SHE HAS FUN HERE. DO YOU HAVE FUN HERE?>>OH YEAH.>>THE GOAL IS TO LESSEN HER ANXIETY. NOT HAVE DEPRESSION, BUT ALSO HELP US KEEP OUR SANITY. SO THAT’S WHAT, THAT’S WHAT TOWN SQUARE HAS DONE FOR US.>>AND SHE’S MY BABY.>>AND I’M HER BABY. YES, I AM.>>MY FRIEND, MY BABY.>>WE SHOULD PROBABLY GET HOME AND CHECK ON DAD.>>YES>>Reporter: TOWN SQUARE’S SERVICES AND HOURS ARE LIMITED THOUGH. BASICALLY 9-5. CARR SAYS IT’S JUST A MATTER OF MONTHS BEFORE HER MOTHER WILL NEED 24-HOUR CARE.>>DO YOU KNOW WHAT IT SAYS?>>NO>>I LOVE YOU BEYOND MEASURE.>>OH!>>ISN’T THAT CUTE?>>Reporter: JACKI TAYLOR-DWYER’S ALZHEIMER’S HAS PROGRESSED TO THE POINT THAT SHE RECENTLY MOVED IN WITH HER DAUGHTER. BUT KIMBERLY KING KNOWS HER MOM WILL LIKELY LOSE THE ABILITY TO DRESS, WALK, EVEN SWALLOW AND EVENTUALLY NEED TO BE PLACED IN A NURSING HOME.>>TO PUT MY MOM INTO A RETIREMENT HOME, WHICH IS LONG-TERM MEMORY CARE, IT STARTS OFF AT $10,000 A MONTH, AND WHO HAS THAT?>>Reporter: AS SHE FIGURES OUT HER NEXT STEPS, KING WILL DO WHAT SHE CAN TO KEEP HER MOM CALM, SAFE, AND HAPPY. ♪ ♪ ♪>>Sreenivasan: THIS PAST FRIDAY MARKED THE 55th ANNIVERSARY OF THE ASSASSINATION OF CIVIL RIGHTS ACTIVIST MALCOLM X. THE 39-YEAR-OLD WAS SHOT AND KILLED WHILE SPEAKING AT THE AUDUBON BALLROOM IN NEW YORK CITY. THREE MEMBERS OF THE NATION OF ISLAM WERE LATER CONVICTED OF HIS MURDER, BUT THERE HAVE LONG BEEN DOUBTS SURROUNDING HIS DEATH. A NEW DOCUMENTARY SERIES ON NETFLIX, “WHO KILLED MALCOLM X” REVEALS NEW FINDINGS AND IS RAISING NEW QUESTIONS ABOUT HIS MURDER. NEWSHOUR WEEKEND’S IVETTE FELICIANO SPOKE WITH DIRECTOR AND SERIES PRODUCER PHIL BERTELSEN AND SERIES HISTORIAN ABDUR-RAHMAN MUHAMMAD.>>Reporter: PHIL BERTELSON, ABDUL RAHMAN-MUHAMMED, THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR JOINING US.>>THANK YOU FOR HAVING US.>>Reporter: SO FIRST OFF, BEFORE WATCHING THIS SERIES, I HAD NO IDEA THAT THERE WERE SO MANY QUESTIONS SURROUNDING MALCOLM X’S MURDER. CAN YOU BRIEFLY OUTLINE SOME OF THE HOLES IN THE STORY OF HIS KILLING AND WHAT PROMPTED THIS SERIES COMING TOGETHER? THE PRODUCTION OF THIS?>>WELL, EVER SINCE 1966, WHEN THREE MEN WERE CONVICTED FOR THE ASSASSINATION OF MALCOLM X, SCHOLARS HAVE ALWAYS QUESTIONED THE SOUNDNESS, THE VALIDITY OF THAT VERDICT FROM THE VERY BEGINNING.>>THERE MIGHT WELL BE ONE OF THE ASSASSINS STILL OUT THERE HIDING IN PLAIN SIGHT, GONE UNPUNISHED, UNQUESTIONED AND PROTECTED TO A CERTAIN DEGREE FROM, FROM PROSECUTION.>>Reporter: AND, YOU KNOW, YOU’RE AN INDEPENDENT HISTORIAN, BUT THIS HAPPENED DECADES AGO AND YOU’VE SPENT THE BETTER PART OF YOUR LIFE RESEARCHING THE TRUTH BEHIND MALCOLM X’S ASSASSINATION.>>YES, CORRECT.>>Reporter: MANY PEOPLE TOLD YOU TO DROP IT.>>A LOT OF PEOPLE TOLD ME TO DROP IT.>>Reporter: SO WHY WAS THAT SO CENTRAL TO YOU, SPECIFICALLY AS AN AFRICAN-AMERICAN MUSLIM?>>WELL, BECAUSE I FELT A SENSE OF RESPONSIBILITY. AS I MOVED ALONG I ACCUMULATED MORE AND MORE FACTS AND INFORMATION REGARDING THE CASE. AND IT BECAME CLEAR TO ME VERY EARLY ON THAT, YOU KNOW, IF I DIDN’T CONTINUE, IT WASN’T GOING TO BE DONE. JAY EDGAR HOOVER, THE DIRECTOR OF THE F.B.I., WAS DEFINITELY AFRAID OF SOMEONE LIKE MALCOLM X. YOU KNOW, WE WOULD HAVE NEVER BEEN ABLE TO GET TO THE BOTTOM OF THE STORY BECAUSE THIS TYPE OF CASE INVOLVES DOCUMENTATION AND INTERVIEWS. YOU HAD TO GO OUT INTO THE FIELD AND TALK TO PEOPLE. IT’S NOT SOMETHING THAT YOU COULD SOLVE MERELY BY STUDYING. YOU DON’T SEE DECLASSIFIED DOCUMENTS AND THINGS LIKE THAT. WIRETAPS. YOU HAD TO GO OUT AND TALK TO PEOPLE WHO WERE STILL ALIVE, YOU KNOW. AND ONCE THAT GENERATION PASSED AWAY, THE STORY WOULD HAVE BEEN LOST FOREVER.>>IN THE 1960’s, THE F.B.I. LAUNCHED ONE OF THE BIGGEST COUNTERINTELLIGENCE OPERATIONS IN ITS ENTIRE HISTORY.>>BLACK PEOPLE EVERYWHERE TODAY ARE BETTER WITH THE HYPOCRISY PRACTICED BY WHITES.>>AND THEY KEPT A VERY CLOSE WATCH ON BROTHER MALCOLM.>>AND IF SOMETHING ISN’T DONE, THEN I’M AFRAID THAT YOU WILL HAVE A RACIAL EXPLOSION.>>Reporter: DID YOU GET ANY PUSHBACK FROM FOLKS IN THE AFRICAN-AMERICAN MUSLIM COMMUNITY OR LOCAL AND FEDERAL AUTHORITIES? ARE THERE PEOPLE WHO DIDN’T WANT THIS SERIES MADE?>>FOR SURE. I MEAN, THE FACT REMAINS THAT SOME OF THE ANSWERS THAT WE’RE SEEKING IN THIS STORY ARE ONES THAT PEOPLE DIDN’T WANT OTHERS TO KNOW. AND SO, TO THE EXTENT THAT WE HAD TO PUSH HARDER, BE MORE PERSUASIVE IN OUR ARGUMENT IN ORDER TO GET THOSE ANSWERS, YOU KNOW, SHOULD SAY EVERYTHING THERE IS TO BE SAID ABOUT WHY THIS HAS BEEN A WIDELY HELD SECRET FOR GENERATIONS NOW. AND WE GO INTO THE FACT THAT IT’S NOT JUST ONE MAN WHO KILLED MALCOLM X, BUT, YOU KNOW, A KIND OF COMPLICITY ON THE PART OF GOVERNMENTAL AUTHORITIES AND LAW ENFORCEMENT AS WELL. AND THOSE ARE ENTITIES THAT DON’T LIKE TO BE EXPOSED. SO, YOU KNOW, WE HAD TO TRY TO PUT THE PIECES TOGETHER AND IN ORDER TO, YOU KNOW, HAVE AN ARGUMENT AS TO WHO KILLED MALCOLM X.>>Sreenivasan: YOU CAN WATCH OUR FULL INTERVIEW WITH PHIL BERTELSEN AND ABDUR-RAHMAN MUHAMMAD AT PBS.ORG/NEWSHOUR.>>Reporter: AND SO WHAT CAN AUDIENCES EXPECT TO LEARN FROM THIS SERIES? DO YOU ACTUALLY ANSWER THAT QUESTION OF WHO KILLED MALCOLM X?>>YES, WE DO. IT’S REALLY PULLED BACK THE VEIL ON THIS HISTORIC CRIME, THAT WAS REALLY AN OPEN WOUND, REALLY IN NOT JUST THE AFRICAN-AMERICAN COMMUNITY, BUT THE WORLD COMMUNITY. AND, YOU KNOW, THE FUNDAMENTAL UNDERSTANDING OF WHO PULLED THAT SHOTGUN, WHO WERE INVOLVED. YES, WE ANSWER THAT QUESTION.>>I THINK WE GO BEYOND THAT QUESTION AS WELL. I THINK WE NOT ONLY LOOK AT WHO KILLED MALCOLM X, BUT WHO DIDN’T. AND WHO WAS MALCOLM X IS ALSO A BIG PART OF THE STORY. I THINK IF YOU BEGIN TO ASK YOURSELF THAT QUESTION, WHO KILLED HIM? YOU WANT TO KNOW WHY. YOU KNOW, WHAT DID HE REPRESENT THAT MADE HIM SUCH A THREAT THAT CAUSED SO MANY FORCES TO ALIGN AGAINST HIM.>>YOU SEEM TO BE DISSATISFIED WITH EVERYTHING. JUST WHAT DO YOU WANT?>>I’M NOT DISSATISFIED WITH EVERYTHING. I’M JUST TELLING YOU THAT THE NEGROES THEMSELVES WOULD TAKE WHATEVER STEPS NECESSARY TO DEFEND THEMSELF.>>HE WAS A POWERFUL, GALVANIZING FIGURE FOR MANY. AND HE POSED A THREAT TO THE STATUS QUO IN SUCH A WAY THAT PEOPLE FELT HE HAD TO BE ELIMINATED. SO YOU LEARN A LOT ABOUT MALCOLM YOU MAY NOT HAVE ALREADY KNOWN. AND YOU ALSO LEARN THAT TWO MEN, IT’S OUR BELIEF, WENT TO PRISON FOR 20 YEARS FOR A CRIME THEY DID NOT COMMIT. THIS CRIME. AND AS A RESULT OF THE WORK THAT WE DID IN THE SERIES AND THE EVIDENCE THAT WE SHOW, THE MANHATTAN D.A.’S OFFICE HAS DECIDED TO TAKE A PRELIMINARY LOOK AT WHETHER OR NOT THIS CASE IS WORTH REOPENING.>>Reporter: PHIL BERTELSON. ABDUL RAHKMAN-MUHAMMED, THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR JOINING US.>>OH, THANK YOU, SO MUCH.>>THANKS FOR HAVING US, A PLEASURE.>>Sreenivasan: NEWSHOUR WILL HAVE COMPLETE COVERAGE OF THE PRESIDENT’S TWO-DAY TRIP TO INDIA BEGINNING TOMORROW AND ANALYSIS AND COVERAGE OF THE DEMOCRATIC CANDIDATES’ DEBATE IN SOUTH CAROLINA ON TUESDAY– BEFORE THEY FACE OFF AGAIN IN SATURDAY’S PRIMARY VOTE. THAT’S ALL FOR THIS EDITION OF “PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND.” I’M HARI SREENIVASAN. THANKS FOR WATCHING. HAVE A GOOD NIGHT. Captioning sponsored by WNET Captioned by Media Access Group at WGBH access.wgbh.org>>PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND IS MADEPOSSIBLE BY:BERNARD AND IRENE SCHWARTZ.SUE AND EDGAR WACHENHEIM III.THE CHERYL AND PHILIP MILSTEINFAMILY.ROSALIND P. WALTER.BARBARA HOPE ZUCKERBERG.CHARLES ROSENBLUM.WE TRY TO LIVE IN THE MOMENT,TO NOT MISS WHAT’S RIGHT INFRONT OF US.AT MUTUAL OF AMERICA, WEBELIEVE TAKING CARE OF TOMORROWCAN HELP YOU MAKE THE MOST OFTODAY.MUTUAL OF AMERICA FINANCIALGROUP, RETIREMENT SERVICES ANDINVESTMENTS.ADDITIONAL SUPPORT HAS BEENPROVIDED BY:AND BY THE CORPORATION FORPUBLIC BROADCASTING, A PRIVATECORPORATION FUNDED BY THEAMERICAN PEOPLE.AND BY CONTRIBUTIONS TO YOURPBS STATION FROM VIEWERS LIKEYOU.THANK YOU.

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